Basic structure of the virus
|Synonyms||None, except for specific viruses. For example animal viruses can be called zoophaginae and bacterial viruses can be called bacteriophages|
Latin: virus, means "poison" or "venom".
Viruses are small (usually in the range of 20-300 nm) infectious agents, that infect living cells,[note 1] hijack their inner machinery[note 2] and eventually kill the host cell by means of hundreds of its progeny breaking out of the cell in quick succession.[note 3]
- ↑ Which for future reference will be called "host cells"
- ↑ That is, the structures of the virus that are designed to replicate the cell or produce new proteins within the cell, instead the virus uses this machinery to reproduce itself and produce its own proteins
- ↑ If not all at once
- ↑ But some viruses like bacteriophages do not