Monogenic diabetes mellitus (MDM), are a family of subtypes of diabetes mellitus that are caused by individual faulty genes (that is, one faulty gene for each individual subtype), there are thirty-two known subtypes, caused by 32 different problem genes. They are usually inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. There are three major varieties: maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) and adult-onset monogenic diabetes mellitus (AOMDM).
MODY is the most common subtype of MDM and usually presents before the age of 25 years, whereas NDM presents before the age of 6 months.
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