Structure of mesenchymal stem cells as it appears under a microscope
mes- (μεσ-; "middle") + -enchyme (ἔγχυμα; "infusion")
Mesenchyme is a term used to refer to tissues containing large quantities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that differentiate into the cellular components of connective tissues: adipocytes (fat cells), fibroblasts, chondrocytes (cartilage cells), osteocytes (bone cells) and myocytes (muscle cells). The largest quantities of MSCs are found in the developing embryo, with the majority of them disappearing before birth, but some persists to maintain and expand the connective tissues.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Marieb, EN; Hoehn, K (2013). Human Anatomy & Physiology (9th ed.). Boston, USA: Pearson. pp. 127, 129. ISBN 978-0-321-74326-8.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Kumar, V; Abbas, AK; Aster, AC (July 2014). "Chapter 1. The Cell as a Unit of Health and Disease". Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease 9e. Philadelphia, USA: Saunders. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-8089-2450-0.