Mesenchymal stem cell
Structure of mesenchymal stem cells as it appears under a microscope
Forms Mesenchymal

mes- (μεσ-; "middle") + -enchyme (ἔγχυμα; "infusion")

Free definitions
That part of the mesoderm of an embryo that develops into connective tissue, bone, cartilage, etc.
Mesenchyme is a type of tissue characterized by loosely associated cells that lack polarity and are surrounded by a large extracellular matrix. Mesenchymal cells are able to develop into the tissues of the lymphatic and circulatory systems, as well as connective tissues throughout the body, such as bone and cartilage.


Mesenchyme is a term used to refer to tissues containing large quantities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that differentiate into the cellular components of connective tissues: adipocytes (fat cells), fibroblasts, chondrocytes (cartilage cells), osteocytes (bone cells) and myocytes (muscle cells).[1][2] The largest quantities of MSCs are found in the developing embryo, with the majority of them disappearing before birth, but some persists to maintain and expand the connective tissues.[1][2]

Reference listEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Marieb, EN; Hoehn, K (2013). Human Anatomy & Physiology (9th ed.). Boston, USA: Pearson. pp. 127, 129. ISBN 978-0-321-74326-8. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kumar, V; Abbas, AK; Aster, AC (July 2014). "Chapter 1. The Cell as a Unit of Health and Disease". Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease 9e. Philadelphia, USA: Saunders. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-8089-2450-0. 

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