Term Alternate forms and meaning
Aetiology Etiology (U.S.A.). Causes or set of cases
Amnesia Memory loss.
Aneurysm An abnormal swelling in the walls of a blood vessel.
Anxiogenic Anxiety-inducing
Arrhythmia Irregular heart rate.
Bradycardia Low heart rate.
Cerebral Refers to the cerebral cortex, which is the outermost part of the brain and is where all information processing and thought occurs.
Cirrhosis Irreversible liver damage.
Coagulopathy Pathological changes in blood clotting.
Cognition One’s ability to think, remember, learn, concentrate, problem-solve, etc.
Convulsion Seizure.
Depressogenic Depression-inducing.
Diaphoresis Excessive/inappropriate sweating (i.e., sweating due to reasons other than temperature).
Diuresis Increased urine production.
Diuretic A drug that increases urine production.
Emesis Vomiting.
Emetic Nausea/vomiting-inducing.
Gastroprokinetic Basically an agent that speeds up the emptying of the stomach into the small intestine.
Grandiosity Having an excessively high opinion of oneself.
Haemorrhage Bleeding.
Knockout mice Basically mice born without a particular protein, whether it be a receptor, or not.
Mortality Death.
Mydriasis Dilated pupils.
Myocardial infarction (MI) Heart attack; a blood clot to the heart.
Neuropathic Nerve injury-related, for example, neuropathic pain is pain that is related to nerve injury.
Respiratory Related to respiration (breathing)
Respiratory stimulant A drug that increases one's rate of respiration.
Sedation Drug-induced sleep.
Vasoconstriction The constriction (i.e., contraction or reducing in diameter) of blood vessels (either arteries or veins).
Vasodilation The expansion of blood vessels.

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