Macrophages are a type of monocyte that matures in the tissues and in the different tissues they are called by different names: in the alveoli of the lungs, they are called alveolar macrophages; in the tissues they are called histiocytes; in the liver they are called Kupffer cells; in the bones they are called osteoclasts; and in the peritoneum they are called peritoneal macrophages. Their major role is to phagocytose invaders, especially bacteria. They also serve as antigen-presenting cells, although less so than do dendritic cells.
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- ↑ "Macrophages". Medical Subject Headings. Bethesda, USA: U.S. National Library of Medicine. 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- ↑ Marieb, EN; Hoehn, K (2013). "Chapter 21 The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Body Defenses". Human Anatomy & Physiology (9th ed.). Boston, USA: Pearson. p. 777. ISBN 978-0-321-74326-8.