Kidneys anatomy grays
External anatomy of the kidneys
MeSH D007668

pp. 1215-1224

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that filter the blood, removing organic molecules like urea, drugs and hormones, water and dissolved ions such as sodium, potassium, calcium, hydrogen, phosphate, etc. Their base functional units (i.e., the smallest components of them that are capable of independently filtering the blood) are the nephrons. In most individuals it is possible for one to live a normal life expectancy with just one kidney.

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