FANDOM


Iodine deficiency
Goitre
Photo of goitre, a sign of iodine deficiency
Synonyms
Synonyms
ICD-10

E00-E02

eMedicine

Overview
Presentation
DDx
Workup
Treatment
Medication}

MedlinePlus

002421

OMIM

228355

BHC

Iodine deficiency

Wikipedia

Iodine deficiency

Iodine deficiency is a condition that causes several abnormalities all of which are related to the role of iodine in the formation of thyroid hormones within the thyroid gland.[1] An estimated 2 billion people worldwide are believed to be iodine deficient, with a third being school-aged.[2] The World Health Organization set up a programme called the Universal Salt Iodization policy designed to encourage member countries to iodize their salt so as to prevent iodine deficiency in their citizens.[3]



SymptomsEdit

Symptoms of iodine deficiency are secondary to the reduced thyroid hormone synthesis that results. See the figure below for details.

Symptoms of iodine deficiency

Figure 1: Symptoms of iodine deficiency


Reference listEdit

  1. Li, M; Eastman, CJ (3 April 2012). "The changing epidemiology of iodine deficiency.". Nature Reviews. Endocrinology 8 (7): 434–40. PMID 22473332. doi:10.1038/nrendo.2012.43. 
  2. The Lancet (12 July 2008). "Iodine deficiency—way to go yet". Lancet 372 (9633): 88. PMID 18620930. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61009-0. 
  3. Wu, T; Liu, GJ; Li, P; Clar, C (2002). "Iodised salt for preventing iodine deficiency disorders.". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD003204. PMID 12137681. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003204. 

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.