Photo of goitre, a sign of iodine deficiency
Iodine deficiency is a condition that causes several abnormalities all of which are related to the role of iodine in the formation of thyroid hormones within the thyroid gland. An estimated 2 billion people worldwide are believed to be iodine deficient, with a third being school-aged. The World Health Organization set up a programme called the Universal Salt Iodization policy designed to encourage member countries to iodize their salt so as to prevent iodine deficiency in their citizens.
- ↑ Li, M; Eastman, CJ (3 April 2012). "The changing epidemiology of iodine deficiency.". Nature Reviews. Endocrinology 8 (7): 434–40. PMID 22473332. doi:10.1038/nrendo.2012.43.
- ↑ The Lancet (12 July 2008). "Iodine deficiency—way to go yet". Lancet 372 (9633): 88. PMID 18620930. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61009-0.
- ↑ Wu, T; Liu, GJ; Li, P; Clar, C (2002). "Iodised salt for preventing iodine deficiency disorders.". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD003204. PMID 12137681. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003204.