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In the United States drugs are divided into five distinct schedules, each assigned Roman numerals I to V.[1] Schedule I drugs are (these are all requirements):

The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.

Examples include: diamorphine, cannabis, lysergide and numerous other drugs.

Schedule II drugs are:

The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.
Abuse of the drug or other substances may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Examples include: nabilone, draonabinol, nabiximols, morphine and cocaine.

Schedule III drugs are:

The drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II.
The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Schedule IV drugs are:

The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.
The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.

Schedule V drugs are:

The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.
The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.

Reference listEdit

  1. "Controlled Substances Act". FDA.gov. Silver Spring, USA: Food and Drug Administration. 11 June 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2014.

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