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Glucose labelling

Labelled diagram of glucose showing its different alcohol groups

Alcohols are characterized by the presence of hydroxyl (OH) functional groups. Ethanol (drinking alcohol) is a good example, it is composed of C2H5 (ethyl functional group) bonded to a hydroxyl functional group. They can be further categorized as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, based on the position of their hydroxyl group. Primary alcohols have their hydroxyl group attached to a terminal carbon (CH2); secondary alcohols have their hydroxyl group attached to a central carbon (CH) with two additional bonds to said carbon; tertiary alcohols have their hydroxyl group attached to an even more bonded (three bonds on top of the hydroxyl group bond) carbon (C).

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